By David Arendale
CRDEUL Outreach Faculty Advisor
Welcome to a new section of the CRDEUL Center Points . Each issue of the newsletter will highlight resource information that you can use immediately to support your work with students. This issue focuses on professional organizations and publications that relate to increasing student persistence in college. A few years ago a colleague asked me to identify a collection of resources in this area that were free or modest in price. I have found these resources very helpful for me since I do not have formal graduate work or a degree in enrollment management. Most of the organizations provide free access to research studies and publications that you can download. I have carefully selected a small number of publications that I think are the most essential. Please note that many of the publications are available for free downloading, including several related to increasing the academic success of historically underrepresented student groups. If I missed listing one of your favorites, please send me an email and we can feature it in a future edition of the newsletter.
-- David Arendale, firstname.lastname@example.org
College Student Achievement and Persistence:
Resources for Professional Development
David R. Arendale (Compiler)
The following associations and organizations include goals related to college student achievement and persistence rates. Many of the groups have relevant documents and reports that can be downloaded for free from the Internet.
American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers www.aacrao.org/ One Dupont Circle NW, Suite 520 , Washington D.C. 20036 , (202) 263-0288. The mission of AACRAO is to provide professional development, guidelines, and voluntary standards to be used by higher education officials regarding the best practices in records management, admissions, enrollment management, administrative information technology, and student services. AACRAO publishes numerous publications on strategic enrollment management and often features practical approaches to enrollment management at the annual conference and through its publications.
American Counseling Association , www.counseling.org/ , 5999 Stevenson Ave. , Alexandria , VA 22304 , (800) 347-6647. ACA is a professional and educational organization dedicated to the enhancement of the counseling profession. ACA provides leadership training, publications, continuing education opportunities, and advocacy services. ACA has been instrumental in setting professional and ethical standards for the counseling profession. The association has made strides in accreditation, licensure, and national certification.
Collegeways , www.collegeways.com Collegeways provides retention resources to individuals and educational institutions such as a journal, listserv, and on-line retention bibliography. The aim of the Web site is to provide researchers and practitioners with a comprehensive resource for information on student retention.
Consortium for Student Retention Data Exchange tel.occe.ou.edu/csrde/ 1700 Asp Ave. Norman , OK 73072; (405) 325-2158. Since 1994, the Consortium has coordinated the data-sharing activities of a diverse group nearly 500 4-year and 2-year degree-granting institutions representing every level of Carnegie classification from doctoral through baccalaureate, public and private, large and small institutions. Through cooperative data-exchange efforts of the members, CSRDE collects and analyzes student retention and graduation data not available through public sources such as IPEDS.
Council for the Advancement of Standards , www.cas.edu, One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036-1188, (202) 862-1400. CAS has been the pre-eminent force for promoting standards in student affairs, student services, and student development programs. CAS continues to create Standards and Guidelines and Self - Assessment Guides for 29 functional areas, consistent with institutional missions.
Educational Policy Institute , www.educationalpolicy.org The EPI is a nonprofit organization dedicated to policy-based research on educational opportunity for all students. In addition to policy reports, several manuals on student retention can be downloaded from the Web site.
Learning Support Centers in Higher Education www.pvc.maricopa.edu/~lsche/ Through this Web portal a person can review the history of learning support centers in higher education along with relevant information concerning its impact upon student persistence. Resources include: full-text articles based on best practices in learning assistance, updated calendar of conferences that may be useful for learning support center directors and staff along with an extensive bibliography, related book and periodical reviews, professional development courses and degrees, links to professional association Web sites and listservs.
National Academic Advising Association , www.nacada.ksu.edu/index.htm , Kansas State University, 2323 Anderson Ave, Suite 225, Manhattan, KS 66502-2912; (785) 532-5717. This Web site provides publications, articles, and bibliographies related to student retention and the role in particular of academic advising with increasing student success and persistence. Their regional and national conferences often feature presentation related to student retention issues.
National Orientation Directors Association , www.nodaweb.org/ , NODA Home Office, University of Michigan-Flint, 375 University Center, Flint, MI 48502-1950, (810) 424-5513. NODA serves orientation, retention and transition professionals. National and regional networks address special interests such as the adult learner, two-year and small colleges, Canadian colleges, multi-ethnic affairs, GLBT issues and parent services. NODA publishes a number of publications related to student transition and persistence and hosts conferences.
National Resource Center for The First-Year Experience and Students in Transition , www.sc.edu/fye/ ; Columbia , SC 29208; (803) 777-5281 or 777-6029. The Center provides bibliographies, listservs, research studies, curriculum, publications, teleconferences, national conferences, and other resources related to student persistence.
Noel-Levitz Centers , www.noellevitz.com/index.asp 5161 E. Arapahoe Road, Suite 100, Littleton, CO 80122, (800) 628-7216. While the primary purpose of Noel-Levitz is to provide fee-based consulting and student assessment services concerning recruitment and student retention, their Web site provides free reports concerning student retention. It also provides a directory and short description of the annual award winners of the student retention awards since 1989. Their annual conference showcases enrollment management programs in the U.S.
Pathways to College , www.pathwaystocollege.net This is a national alliance of organizations committed to using research-based knowledge to improve postsecondary education access. A variety of reports are available to download including bibliographies and student success program directories.
Policy Center on the First Year of College , www. brevard.edu/fyc/ ; Brevard College, 400 N. Broad St., Duplex #1, Brevard, NC 28712, (828) 966-5401. The Policy Center mission is to improve the first college year through enhanced learning outcomes and the success of first-year students. A focus of the Center is development and dissemination of a range of first-year assessment procedures and tools that strengthen or confirm practices in the curriculum, the co-curriculum, and institutional policy. In addition, this process will contribute to research on best practices in first-year programs. The Center is an extension of the work of John N. Gardner and his colleagues at the University of South Carolina 's National Resource Center for the First-Year Experience and Students in Transition. The two entities work cooperatively on issues for success of students.
College Student Achievement and Persistence:
Resources for Professional Development
David R. Arendale (Compiler)
The following publications are related to college student achievement and persistence rates. I have found each useful for research on this topic and for identifying "best practices" that can be adapted and adopted. Several of publications are available for free downloading over the Internet.
Student Retention Periodicals
Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice (Dr. Alan Seidman, Editor). www.baywood.com Baywood Publishing Company, 26 Austin Avenue, Box 337, Amityville, NY 11701; (631) 691-1270. Purposes of the journal include: current and future retention theory and practice; current research studies pertaining to retention, attrition theory, and practice; identification of retention problems; description of retention programs and services; application of current theory and practice to national and local problems; and application of retention theory and practice to non-traditional students.
Recruitment & Retention in Higher Education Newsletter. Magna Publications, www.maganapubs.com/ 2718 Dryden Dr., Madison, WI 53704; (608) 246-3590. The newsletter helps administrators attract students to campus and provide the services they need to succeed. Covers programs on topics such as minority recruitment, advising, technology, special curriculum, remedial and academic programs, student retention, and non-traditional student services. This publication is geared to assist everyone who affects student recruitment and retention -admissions counselors, enrollment managers, academic chairs and deans, and orientation personnel.
Books and Reports
Black, J. (2001). Strategic enrollment management revolution . Washington , D.C. : American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers.
Cabrera, A. F., & La Nasa, S. M. (Eds.). (2000). Understanding the college choice of disadvantaged students . New Directions for Institutional Research, No. 107. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
Dietz, L. H. & Triponey, V. L. (Eds.). (1997). Serving students at metropolitan universities: The unique opportunities and challenges . New Directions for Student Services, No. 79. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
Habley, W. R., & McClanahan, R. (2004). What works in student retention? Iowa City , IA : American College Testing Service. Retrieved February 21, 2005, from http://www.act.org/path/ postsec/droptables/index.html
Hossler, D. (Ed.). (1991). Evaluating student recruitment and retention programs . New Directions for Institutional Research, No. 70. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
Light, R. J. (2001). Making the most of college: Students speak their mind . Cambridge , MA : Harvard University Press.
Myers, R. D. (2004). College success programs . Washington , D.C. : Pathways to College Network. Retrieved February 21, 2005, from http://www.pathwaystocollege.net
Noel. L, Levitz, R., & Saluri, D. (Eds). (1985). Increasing student retention: Effective programs and practices for reducing the dropout rate . San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
Pascarella, E. T., & Terenzini, P. T. (1991). How college affects students: Findings and insights from twenty years of research . San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
Seymour, E., & Hewitt, N. M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences . Boulder , CO : Westview Press.
Swail, W. S. (2003). Retaining minority students in higher education: A framework for success . ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, Volume 20, Number 2. Hoboken , NJ : Wiley Periodicals. Retrieved January 12, 2005, from: http:// www.educationalpolicy.org/pdf/Swail_Retention_Book.pdf
Swail, W. S. (2003). The art of student retention: A handbook for practitioners and administrators . Stafford , VA : Educational Policy Institute. Retrieved January 12, 2005, from http:// www.educationalpolicy.org/pdf/ART.pdf
Thomas, L., Quinn, J., Stack, K., & Casey, L. (2003). Effective approaches to retaining students in higher education . Stoke-on-Trent , United Kingdom : Institute for Access Studies, Staffordshire University . Retrieved February 21, 2005, from http://www.staffs.ac.uk/institutes/access/docs/Directory1.pdf
Tinto, V. (1993). Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of student attrition . (2 nd Ed.). Chicago : The University of Chicago Press.
Upcraft, M. L., Gardner, J. N., & Barefoot, B. O. (Eds.). (2005). Challenging & supporting the first-year student: A handbook for improving the first year of college . San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
Student Retention Bibliographies
Annotated bibliography: Perspectives in postsecondary education programs and student support interventions , Pathways to College Network, www.pathwaystocollege.net
Student retention bibliography . Cal Poly Pomona, Institutional Research and Planning, www.csupomona.edu/~irp/ annotatedBibli.htm
Student retention bibliography . Collegeways, www.collegeways. com
Annotated bibliography of postsecondary peer cooperative learning programs , David Arendale, www.tc.umn.edu/~arend011/bibdir.htm