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NCEO - National Center on Educational Outcomes

Accommodations for Students with Disabilities

Publications and Other Accommodations Resources

NCEO Resources

Online Training to Improve Accommodations Decision Making

NCEO Data Viewer: This tool lets you view information on state accommodations policies and create individualized reports based on criteria that you can choose.

NCEO Accommodations Bibliography: This searchable database allows you to search a compilation of empirical research studies on the effects of various testing accommodations for students with disabilities.

Publications available at NCEO's Web site (the publications are listed chronologically, with the most recent first; Policy Directions give a general overview of the issues and other publications provide greater depth):

  • Don't Forget Accommodations! Five Questions To Ask When Moving to Technology-based Assessments NCEO (NCEO Brief #1) (2011)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • Developing Common Accommodations Policies: Discussion Points for Consortia
    (NCEO Brief #2) (2011)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • A Summary of the Research on the Effects of Test Accommodations: 2009-2010 (Technical Report 65) (2012)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • Test Administrators' Perspectives on the Use of the Read Aloud Accommodation in Math on State Tests for Accountability (Technical Report 66) (2012)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • Using Cognitive Labs to Evaluate Student Experiences with the Read Aloud Accommodation in Math (Technical Report 67) (2012)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • Including Students with Disabilities in Common Non-Summative Assessments (NCEO Brief #6) (2012)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • Rules for Audio Representation of Science Items on a Statewide Assessment: Results of a Comparative Study (Technical Report 64) (2012)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • 2009 State Policies on Assessment Participation and Accommodations for Students with Disabilities (Synthesis Report 83) (2011)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • 2008-2009 APR Snapshot #2: Assessment Accommodations Use by Special Education Students (2012)
    HTML document
  • 2009 Survey of States: Accomplishments and New Issues at the End of a Decade of Change (2010)
    HTML document / PDF document
  • A Principled Approach to Accountability Assessments for Students with Disabilities (Synthesis Report 70) (2008)
    HTML document /PDF document
  • Hints and Tips for Addressing Accommodations Issues for Peer Review (2007)
    PDF document
  • English Language Learners with Disabilities in State English Language Proficiency Assessments: A Review of State Accommodation Policies (Synthesis Report 66) (2007)
    PDF document
  • An Analysis of Accommodations Issues from the Standards and Assessments Peer Review (Technical Report 51) (2008)
    HTML document / PDF document

For reports before 2007, see NCEO's Archived Publications.

 

NCEO Partner Publications

Arizona Department of Education Reports:

Parent Spotlight on Accommodations for Students with Disabilities, April, 2014

 

NCEO and Assessing Special Education Students (ASES) State Collaborative on Assessment and Student Standards (SCASS):

Forum on Accommodations in the 21st Century: Critical Considerations for Students with Disabilities (2011)
PDF document



Council of Chief State School Officer (CCSSO) publications:

Accommodations Manuals

ELLs With Disabilities Accommodations Manual cover

Accommodations Manual: How to Select, Administer, and Evaluate Use of Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment of English Language Learners with Disabilities (2013)

ELLs Accommodations Manual cover

Accommodations Manual: How to Select, Administer, and Evaluate Use of Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment of English Language Learners (first edition) (2012)

Produced by: English Language Learners State Collaborative on Assessment and Student Standards (ELL SCASS)

SWD Accommodations Manual cover

Accommodations Manual: How to Select, Administer, and Evaluate Use of Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment of Students with Disabilities (2011)


Cover of Improving Accommodations Outcomes

Improving Accommodations Outcomes: Monitoring Instructional and Assessment Accommodations for Students with Disabilities  (2009)
PDF document

 

Determining When Accommodated Test Administrations Are Comparable to Standard Test Administrations (Brief)  (2012)
HTML document


Designing Accessible Reading Assessments publications:

Using Factor Analysis to Investigate the Impact of Accommodations on the Scores of Students With Disabilities on English-Language Arts Assessments
HTML document


State Research (NCEO Funded)

Kansas conducted a set of studies that considered the effects of language complexity and the use of calculators on the statewide assessment performance of students with disabilities.
Kansas Accommodations Research Report

Rhode Island examined IEP team accommodation decision-making practices. Significant differences were found between the provision of instructional and assessment accommodations.
Rhode Island Accommodations Research Report

West Virginia examined the test performance of students with different disabilities and in various least restrictive environments as they differed according to testing conditions.
West Virginia Accommodations Research Report


Minnesota Department of Education publications:

Minnesota Manual of Accommodations for Students with Disabilities: A Guide to Selecting, Administering, and Evaluating the Use of Accommodations
PDF document

Minnesota Manual of Accommodations for Students with Disabilities: A Guide to Selecting, Administering, and Evaluating the Use of Accommodations: Training Guide
PDF document


National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) publications:

State Testing Accommodations Cover

State Testing Accommodations: A Look at Their Value and Validity
PDF document

Determining Appropriate Assessment Accommodations Cover

Determining Appropriate Assessment Accommodations for Students with Disabilities provides an overview of appropriate accommodations for students with IEPs or 504 Plans, serves as a guide to choosing accommodations and suggests questions to ask when making appropriate accommodation decisions.
PDF document


Partnership for Accessible Reading Assessments

Examination of a Reading Pen as a Partial Auditory Accommodation for Reading Assessment
HTML format | PDF format

State Accommodations Policies: Implications for the Assessment of Reading
HTML Format | PDF Format


Additional Resources:

Bolt, S., Roach, A. T., & Quenemoen, R. F. (2008). Inclusive assessment and accountability: A guide to accommodations for students with diverse needs. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Cahalan-Laitusis, C., & Cook, L. (Eds.). (2007). Accommodating students with disabilities on state assessments: What works? Arlington, VA: Council for Exceptional Children.

Elliott, J. L., & Thurlow, M. L. (2006). Improving test performance of students with disabilities on state and district assessments (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Johnstone, C., Thurlow, M., Altman, J., Timmons, J., & Kato, K. (2009).  Assistive technology approaches for large-scale assessment: Perceptions of teachers of students with visual impairments. Exceptionality, 17(2), 66-75. 

Ketterlin-Geller, L. R., Alonzo, J. Braun-Monegan, J. & Tindal, G. (2007). Recommendations for accommodations: Implications of (in)consistency. Remedial and Special Education. 29(4), 194-206.

Ketterlin-Geller, L. R. Yovanoff, P., & Tindal, G. (2007). Developing a new paradigm for conducting research on accommodations in mathematics testing. Exceptional Children, 73, 331-347.

Lang, S. C., Kurnke, P. J., Ray, C. E., Cowell, E. L., Elliott, S. N., Kratochwill, T. R., et al. (2005). Consequences of using test accommodations: Student, teacher, and parent perceptions of and reactions to testing accommodations. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 31, 49-62.

Lazarus, S. S., Thurlow, M. L., Lail, K. E., & Christensen, L. (2009). A longitudinal analysis of state accommodations policies: Twelve years of change 1993-2005. Journal of Special Education. 43(2), 67-80.

Shriner, J. G., & Ganguly, R. (2007). Assessment and accommodation issues under the No Child Left behind Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act: Information for IEP teams. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 32(4), 231-243.

Sireci, S. G. (January/February 2005). Unlabeling the disabled: A perspective on flagging scores from accommodated test administrations. Educational Researcher 34(1), pp. 3-12.

Sireci, S. G., Scarpati, S., & Li, S. (2005). Test accommodations for students with disabilities: An analysis of the interaction hypothesis. Review of Educational Research, 75(4), 457-490.

Smith, D. W., & Amato, S. (2012). Synthesis of available accommodations for students with visual impairments on standardized assessments. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness106(5), 299-304. 

Thurlow, M. L., Lazarus, S. S., & Christensen, L. L. (2008). Role of assessment accommodations in accountability. Perspectives on Language and Literacy, 34(4), 17-20.

Thurlow, M. L., Thompson, S. J. & Lazarus, S. S. (2006). Considerations for the administration of tests to special needs students: Accommodations, modifications, and more. In Downing, S.M. & Haladyna, T.M. (Ed.), Handbook of test development (653-673).Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, Inc.