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Restorative Justice Research Summaries

Three Meta-Analyses Show Positive Outcomes for Restorative Justice Conference Programming

These major studies from the Canada, US, and UK compiled statistical research from more than 90 empirical research studies in 7 countries and found positive impact of restorative justice dialogue in juvenile and criminal cases through VOC/VOM (Victim Offender Conferencing/Victim Offender Mediation) and FGC/RCC (Family Group Conferencing or Restorative Community Conferencing). Overall, the studies concluded that these restorative programs led to:

To access full PDFs of these studies, click on the links below.

1. Canadian - Latimer, Dowden, Muise Meta-Analysis (2001)

2. US - Nugent, Williams, Umbreit Meta-Analysis (2003)

3. UK - Sherman, Strang Meta-Analysis (2007)

Restorative Justice: The Evidence states that there is “Far more evidence on RJ, with positive results, than for most innovations in criminal justice.”

Other Significant Studies

Minnesota Dept. of Corrections (2012)


Participants in MNCOSA had significantly lower recidivism:


Baltimore, Maryland, Community Conferencing Center

Community-based Non-Profit Servicing Diversion Juvenile Cases

    (from courts, schools, but mostly from police)