Frank J. Symons
Associate Dean for Research and Policy
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University
My research emphasis is on understanding the severe behavior problems of children and adults with special needs, primarily those with developmental disabilities and emotional or behavioral disorders. For these two groups, much of my research has focused on self-injurious behavior and classroom aggression, respectively. The majority of my research has been observationally based, theoretically grounded in behavioral principles, and driven by a commitment to meaningful, functional outcomes.
I have two current specific areas of interest. One is the development, assessment, and treatment of problem behavior among children and adults with a range of neurodevelopmental and emotional/behavioral disorders. The other is the problem of pain among children and adults with significant cognitive impairments and associated developmental disabilities. Related areas of interest include observational research methods.
In terms of problem behavior, areas of specific research interest include (a) characterizing self-injurious behavior in more detail descriptively (form, location, intensity) and experimentally (function); (b) examining the intersection of behavioral and biological mechanisms underlying chronic self-injury by incorporating sensory (e.g., pain sensitivity, peripheral innervation) and autonomic (e.g., sympathetic/parasympathetic, HPA axis) nervous system variables, and (c) translating findings from basic research into treatment applications.
In terms of pain, areas of specific research include (a) the reliable and valid assessment of pain in children and adults with significant cognitive, communicative, and motor impairments associated with intellectual disability; (b) the relation between behavioral and biological variables as markers for altered pain; (c) modifying/adapting quantitative sensory testing for individuals with specialized needs; and (d) the relation between pain and problem behavior, specifically self-injury.
To address these interests and issues, I direct an observational methods lab and I am highly collaborative across a number of research groups (UNC-Chapel Hill, UBC, Dalhousie University), clinical sites (Gillette Children’s Specialty Healthcare), labs (Kennedy Peripheral Nerve Lab), and centers (Center for Neurobehavioral Development, Minnesota Center for Pain Research).
EPSY 5656 Introduction to Emotional and Behavioral Disorders in Special Education
EPSY 5616 Applied Behavior Analysis and Classroom Management
EPSY 8694 Introduction to Research Design in Special Education
EPSY 8706 Single Case Experimental Design and Analysis
EPSY 8703 Special Topics: Observational Research Methods
Barney, C., Feyma, T., Beisang, A., & Symons, F. J. (2015). Pain experience and expression in Rett syndrome: Subjective and objective measurement approaches. Journal of Physical and Developmental Disabilities. 10.1007/s10882-015-9427-3.
Symons, F. J., Tervo, R. T., Gilles, E., Wendelschafer-Crabb, G., & Kennedy, W. (2014). Skin and self-injury: A possible link between peripheral innervation and immune function? Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.12580. [Epub ahead of print]
Symons F.J., ElGhazi I, Reilly BG, Barney CC, Hanson L, Panoskaltsis-Mortari A, Armitage IM, Wilcox GL. (2014). Can biomarkers differentiate pain and no pain subgroups of nonverbal children with cerebral palsy? A preliminary investigation based on noninvasive saliva sampling. Pain Medicine. doi: 10.1111/pme.12545.
Quest, K., Byiers, B. J., *Payen, A., & Symons, F. J. (2014). Rett syndrome: A preliminary analysis of stereotypy, stress, and negative affect. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 35(5):1191-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.01.011.
Byiers, B. J., Dimian, A., & Symons, F. J. (2014). Functional communication training in Rett Syndrome: A preliminary study. American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. 119(4):340-50. doi: 10.1352/1944-7558-119.4.340.
Johnson, L.D., Wehby, J.H., Symons, F.J., Moore, T.C., Maggin, D.M., & Sutherland, K.S. (2014). An analysis of preference relative to teacher implementation of intervention. Journal of Special Education. Vol. 48(3) 214–224, DOI: 10.1177/0022466913475872.
Hoch, J., Sng, S., & Symons, F. J. (2013). Sequential analysis of autonomic arousal and self-injurious behavior. American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Nov;118,:435-46. doi: 10.1352/1944.7558-118.6.435.