Ph.D., Family Social Science, University of Minnesota
M.A., Family Social Science, University of Minnesota
B.A., Psychology, Winona State University
Areas of Interest
Child Adjustment in the Family Context in Immigrant and Refugee Families
Community Engagement and Education
Program Development and Evaluation
Southeast Asian American Families
Research & Discovery
My primary research interests focus on the social and cultural capital that promotes (or hinders) healthy development in children, especially with children of immigrant and refugee families. Currently, I have two distinct but interrelated projects that try to understand how social and cultural capital influence children’s educational and psychosocial adjustment over time.
The Hmong Children’s Longitudinal Study which tries to understand how children’s (beginning in 3rd, 4th, and 5th grades) social and cultural capital change over time and when do these changes begin to affect children’s psychosocial, relational and educational adjustment. Data have been collected for two waves and participants will continue to be followed for the next three years.
The Perceptions and Experiences of English Learners and Their Family Members is a qualitative study that tries to address the disproportionally high number of Hmong students being placed in the EL (English Learners) program . For example, Hmong students are the second largest EL population in Minnesota (n=19,889) even though they only make up about 2% of the K-12 student population in Minnesota (MDE, 2015-2016; Pfeifer et al., 2012), and surprisingly more than 95% of them belong to the 2nd and 3rd generations (Pfeifer et al., 2012; MDH – Refugee Program). Data from multiple perspectives (parents, children, and EL teachers) will be initiated and analyzed beginning in summer of 2018
Teen Pregnancy Prevention and Intervention in the Hmong Community (the Hmong Teen Pregnancy Project) – The goal of this two year project is to test the effectiveness of the Making Proud Choices or Kev Xaiv Curriculum with Hmong American youth in middle school and the best practices identified by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy with Hmong second-generation young parents. The Hmong Teen Pregnancy Project is supported by grants from the Minnesota Department of Health. The project began in June, 2012.
Youth for Change (Y2C) – The goal of this three year project is to engage youth and young adults to be leaders focusing on policy work while empowering positive changes within the Southeast Asian communities through policy, empowerment, and advocacy. It is funded by the Minnesota Department of Health. The project began in February, 2011.
Social Networks and Child Adjustment – The purpose of this study is to examine the impact social and family networks has on children’s adjustment, especially children’s educational achievement. This is an interdisciplinary research project and began in July 2013.
Outreach & Engagement
Hmong Early Childhood Education
What students can expect from me
Graduate and undergraduate students can expect to be treated with respect and caring, and in turn, are expected to treat others the same. They are expected to help co-create knowledge with me whether it’s through my research or teaching. They are offered opportunities to engage in hands-on research with other team members and community collaborators to find answers to questions that can be used to improve children’s development. As an engaged scholar, students in my courses are expected to work in a team atmosphere, engage in the materials, and be involved in some level of community work.
Teaching & Learning
FSoS 3102 Family Systems and Diversity
FSoS 4108 Understanding and Working with Immigrant and Refugee Families
FSoS 8005 Multicultural Issues
Honors & Awards
2017 Community Outreach and Engagement Faculty Award, College of Education and Human Development
2017 Certificate of Outstanding Leadership, Hmong 18 Council, Inc.
2014 Outstanding Leadership Award, Lao Family Foundation
2011 Lee Knefelkamp Research Award, Minnesota College Personnel Association, Minnesota
Select Publications and Presentations
See CV for complete list
1. Romstad, C. & Xiong, Z. B. (2017). Measuring formal intelligence in the informal learner: A case study of Hmong American students and cognitive assessment. Hmong Studies Journal, 18, 1-31.
Xiong, Z. B., Deenanath, V., & Mao, D. (2013). Parent-child relationships in Hmong immigrant families in the United States (pp. 91-106). In M. Karraker (Ed.), The Other People: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Migration. New York: Palgrave.
Xiong, Z. B., Newell, J., Hoskins, L., Angelica, E., Watkins, E., Bui, H., Daoheuang, M., Touy, R., Yang, T. T., & Shamblott, M. (2013, March). STEEP’s policy development and implementation handbook: Lessons learned, tips, tools, and resources for Southeast Asian community leaders. St. Paul, MN: Regents of the University of Minnesota.
Mao, D., Deenanath, V., & Xiong, Z. B. (2012). Hmong students’ perceptions of their family environment: A consensual qualitative analysis of family photos. Hmong Studies Journal, 13(1), 1-27.
Smalkoski, K., Herther, N. K., Xiong, Z. B., Ritsema, K., Vang, R., & Zheng, R. (2012). Health disparities research in the Hmong American community: Implications for practice and policy. Hmong Studies Journal, 13(2), 1-32.
Xiong, Z. B., & Huang, J. (2011). Predicting Hmong adolescent boys’ and girls’ delinquent behaviors: An exploratory study. Hmong Study Journal, 12, 1-34.
1. Xiong, Z. B. & Ramstad, C. (2018, April). Measuring formal intelligence in the informal learner: A case study of Hmong American students and cognitive assessment. Seventh Annual International Conference, Center for Hmong Studies, St. Paul, MN.
2. Lo, N. & Xiong, Z. B. (2017, April). Multiple Family Members’ Perceptions of the Causes of Delinquent Behaviors in Hmong American Families. 18th Hmong National Development Conference. Milwaukee, WI.
3. St. Charles, J. & Xiong, Z. B. (2017, April). Daily Experiences and Time Spent Studying: The Case of Hmong American Students in Minnesota. 18th Hmong National Development Conference. Milwaukee, WI.
4. Xiong, Z. B. (2017, April). Assessment of the evolution and efficacy of sex education for the Hmong American adolescents: Challenges and prospects. 18th Hmong National Development Conference. Milwaukee, WI.
5. Lor, N. & Xiong, Z. B. (2016, March). It takes a village to raise a child: How social networks impact Hmong students’ college accessibility and choice. 6th International Conference on Hmong Studies. Concordia University, St. Paul, MN.