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Egeland

Byron R Egeland

Professor Emeritus
Ph.D., 1966, University of Iowa

Inst Of Child Dev
51 E River Rd
218 Ch Dev

egela001@umn.edu

Developmental psychopathology, resilience, child maltreatment, high risk families.
Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation

Together with my collaborators, I continue to conduct a longitudinal study of high risk children and their families which began in 1975. (See the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children research lab.) The assessments, which were detailed and comprehensive, began before the birth of the first child and have continued at regular intervals through age 37. Originally we were interested in predicting good and poor parenting and parent-child relationship outcomes in our high risk sample with a particular interest in understanding the causes and consequences of child maltreatment. More recently we have examined the antecedents and developmental pathways leading to competence and maladaptation in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood. This includes the study of drug and alcohol abuse, depression, conduct disorder, and personality disorders as well as resilience. Of particular interest is the study of continuity of adaptation and maladaption across the period of adolescence and young adulthood and to identify factors related to discontinuity.  We have collected DNA on all our participants and I'm currently in the process of using this data to further understand the antecedents and pathways to psychopathology as well as psychological competence and resilience. The findings from this longitudinal study have been used to develop STEEP, a preventative intervention program for high risk parents and their infants (See Center for Early Education and Development, Harris Programs). Our current goals also include the study of physical health outcomes in our high risk sample.

Selected Publications

  1. Erickson, M.F. and Egeland, B. (2011).  Child neglect: The invisible assault. In JEB Myers (Ed.), The Handbook of Child Maltreatment, 3rd Edition, p. 103-124.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

    Raby, K. L., Cicchetti, D., Carlson, E. A., Cutuli, J. J., Englund, M. M., & Egeland, B. (2012). Genetic and caregiving contributions to infant attachment: Unique associations with distress reactivity and attachment security. Psychological Science, 23, 1016-1023.

    Bosquet Enlow, M., Egeland, B., Blood, E.A., Wright, R.O., & Wright, R. J. (2012). Interpersonal trauma exposure and cognitive development in children to age 8 years: a longitudinal study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66, 1005-1010.

    Alink, L. R. A. & Egeland, B. (2013). The roles of antisocial history and emerging adulthood developmental adaptation in predicting adult antisocial behavior. Aggressive Behavior, Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/ab.21464

    Cutuli, J. J., Raby, K. L., Cicchetti, D., Englund, M. M., & Egeland, B. (2013). Contributions of maltreatment and serotonin transporter genotype to depression in childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood. Journal of Affective Disorders, 149, 30-37.

    Englund, M. M., Siebenbruner, J., Oliva, E., Egeland, B., Long, J., & Chung, C. (2013). The developmental significance of adolescent substance use for early adult functioning. Developmental Psychology, 1554-1564.

    Narayan, A. J., Englund, M. M., Carlson, E. & Egeland, B. (2013). Adolescent conflict as a developmental process in the prospective pathway from exposure to interparental violence to dating violence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10802-013-9782-4

    Raby, K. L, Cicchetti, D., Carlson, E. A., Egeland, B. & Collins, W. A. (2013). Genetic contributions to continuity and change in attachment security: A prospective, longitudinal investigation. Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology, 54(11), 1223-1230. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12093

    Bosquet Enlow, M., Egeland, B., Carlson, E., Blood, E., and Wright, R.J. (in press). Mother-Infant Attachment and the Intergenerational Transmission of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Development and Psychopathology.

    Narayan, A. J., Englund, M. M., & Egeland, B. (in press). Exposure to inter-parental violence and conduct disorder on early adulthood relationships: Prospective pathways to dating violence. Development and Psychopathology.