Glenn I Roisman
Ph.D., 2002, University of Minnesota
Institute of Child Development
51 E River Rd
Early experience, social development, close relationships, biologically informed studies of development.
Early experience, social development, close relationships, biologically informed studies of development.
Dr. Roisman's interests concern the legacy of early relationship experiences as an organizing force in social, cognitive, and biological development across the lifespan. As such, his program of research focuses on the childhood antecedents of adaptation within the developmentally salient contexts of adolescence and adulthood. This work is multi-method and multi-informant, employing self-report, observational, psychophysiological, and interview-based methods with individuals and couples. In spanning multiple levels of a developmental analysis of individual and dyadic trajectories, his laboratory's goal is to provide insight into the childhood experiences and resources that scaffold healthy adjustment in the years of maturity.
Dr. Roisman is currently pursuing this research agenda through (a) prospective investigations of the fate of early experience as a Co-PI on the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a longitudinal investigation of over 1,000 youth tracked from infancy to age 15 (a 17.5 year assessment is ongoing), (b) a programmatic set of observational laboratory analogue studies involving administering in-depth Adult Attachment Interviews to college students, stranger dyads, siblings, parents, and romantically involved couples (dating, engaged, married, gay male, and lesbian) about their childhood experiences, (c) experiments designed to better understand the ways in which interpersonal experiences are embodied in fMRI, electrophysiological, and autonomic activation, and (d) secondary analyses of large datasets that provide opportunities to demonstrate the utility of behavior-genetic, taxometric, and meta-analytic approaches for simultaneously resolving questions at the heart of social developmental theory while improving methodology in the study of the legacy of early experience.
Cicchetti, D., & Roisman, G.I. (Eds). (2011). The Origins and Organization of Adaptation and Maladaptation: Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology (Vol. 36). New York: Wiley.
Fraley, R.C., Griffin, B.N., Belsky, J., & Roisman, G.I. (in press). Developmental antecedents of political ideology: A longitudinal investigation from birth to age 17.5.Psychological Science.
Roisman, G.I., Newman, D.A., Fraley, R.C., Haltigan, J.D., Groh, A.M., & Haydon, K.C. (in press). Distinguishing differential susceptibility from diathesis-stress: Recommendations for evaluating interaction effects. Development and Psychopathology.
Fraley, R.C., Roisman, G.I., & Haltigan, J.D. (in press). The legacy of early experiences in development: Formalizing alternative models of how early experiences are carried forward over time. Developmental Psychology.
Llewellyn, N., Rudolph, K.D., & Roisman, G.I. (in press). Other-sex relationship stress and sex differences in the contribution of puberty to depression. Journal of Early Adolescence.
Haydon, K.C., Collins, W.A., Salvatore, J.E., Simpson, J.A., & Roisman, G.I. (in press). Shared and distinctive origins and correlates of adult attachment representations: The developmental organization of romantic functioning. Child Development.
Haltigan, J.D., Roisman, G.I., & Fraley, R.C. (in press). The predictive significance of early caregiving experiences for symptoms of psychopathology through mid-adolescence: Enduring or transient effects?Development and Psychopathology.
Haydon, K.C., Roisman, G.I., & Burt, K.B. (in press). In search of security: The latent structure of the Adult Attachment Interview revisited. Development and Psychopathology.
Groh, A.M., Roisman, G.I., van IJzendoorn, M.H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M.J., & Fearon, R.P. (in press). The significance of insecure and disorganized attachment in the development of children’s internalizing symptoms: A meta-analytic study.Child Development.
Roisman, G.I., & Fraley, R.C. (in press). A behavior-genetic study of the legacy of early caregiving experiences: Academic skills, social competence, and externalizing behavior in kindergarten.Child Development.
Spieker, S.J., Campbell, S.B., Vandergraft, N., Pierce, K.M., Cauffman, E., Susman, E.J., Roisman, G.I., & the NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (in press). Relational aggression in middle childhood: Predictors and adolescent outcomes. Social Development.
Holland, A.S., Fraley, R.C., & Roisman, G.I. (in press). Attachment styles in dating couples: Predicting relationship functioning over time.Personal Relationships.
Murray-Close, D., Holland, A.S., & Roisman, G.I. (in press). Autonomic arousal and relational aggression in heterosexual dating couples.Personal Relationships.
Luijk, M.P.C.M., Roisman, G.I., Haltigan, J.D., Tiemeier, H., Booth-LaForce, C., van IJzendoorn, M.H., Belsky, J., Uitterlinden, A.G., Jaddoe, V.W.V., Hofman, A., Verhulst, F.C., Tharner, A., & Bakermans-Kranenburg, M.J. (2011). Dopaminergic, serotonergic, and oxytonergic candidate genes associated with infant attachment security and disorganization? In search of main and interaction effects. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(12), 1295-1307.
Fraley, R.C., Vicary, A.M., Brumbaugh, C.C., & Roisman, G.I. (2011). Patterns of stability in adult attachment: An empirical test of two models of continuity and change.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(5), 974-992.
Fortuna, K., Roisman, G.I., Haydon, K.C., Groh, A.M., & Holland, A.S. (2011). Attachment states of mind and the quality of young adults’ sibling relationships.Developmental Psychology, 47(5), 1366-1373.
Haydon, K.C., Roisman, G.I., Marks, M.J., & Fraley, R.C. (2011). An empirically derived approach to the latent structure of the Adult Attachment Interview: Additional convergent and discriminant validity evidence.Attachment & Human Development, 13(5), 503-524.
Haltigan, J.D., Roisman, G.I., Susman, E.S., Barnett-Walker, K., Monahan, K.C., & the NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (2011). Elevated trajectories of externalizing problems are associated with lower awakening cortisol levels in mid-adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 47(2), 472-478.
Dias, P., Soares, I., Klein, J., Cunha, J.P.S., & Roisman, G.I. (2011). Autonomic correlates of attachment insecurity in a sample of women with eating disorders. Attachment & Human Development, 13(2), 155-167.
Warren, S.L., Bost, K.K., Roisman, G.I., Levin Silton, R., Spielberg, J.M., Engels, A.S., Choi, E., Sutton, B.P., Miller, G.A., & Heller, W. (2010). Effects of adult attachment and emotional distractors on brain mechanisms of cognitive control. Psychological Science, 21(12), 1818-1826.
Burt, K.B., & Roisman, G.I. (2010). Competence and psychopathology: Cascade effects in the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Development and Psychopathology, 22(3), 557-567.
Rodkin, P.C., & Roisman, G.I. (2010). Antecedents and correlates of the popular-aggressive phenomenon in elementary school. Child Development, 81(3), 837-850.
Roisman, G.I., Monahan, K.C., Campbell, S.B., Steinberg, L., Cauffman, E., & the NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (2010). Is adolescence-onset antisocial behavior developmentally normative? Development and Psychopathology, 22(2), 295-311.
Fearon, R.P., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M.J., van IJzendoorn, M.H., Lapsley, A., & Roisman, G.I. (2010). The significance of insecure attachment and disorganization in the development of children’s externalizing behavior: A meta-analytic study. Child Development, 81(2), 435-456.
Holland, A.S., & Roisman, G.I. (2010). Adult attachment security and young adults’ dating relationships over time: Self-reported, observational, and physiological evidence. Developmental Psychology, 46(2), 552-557.
Susman, E.J., Houts, R.M., Steinberg, L., Belsky, J., Cauffman, E., DeHart, G., Friedman, S.L., Roisman, G.I., Halpern-Felsher, B.L., & the NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (2010). Longitudinal development of secondary sexual characteristics in girls and boys between ages 9 ½ and 15 ½ years. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 164(2), 166-173.
Roisman, G.I., Booth-LaForce, C., Cauffman, E., Spieker, S., & the NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (2009). The developmental significance of adolescent romantic relationships: Parent and peer predictors of quality and engagement at age 15. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(10), 1294-1303.
Groh, A.M., & Roisman, G.I. (2009). Adults’ autonomic and subjective responses to infant vocalizations: The role of secure base script knowledge. Developmental Psychology, 45(3), 889-893.
Roisman, G.I., Susman, E., Barnett-Walker, K., Booth-LaForce, C., Owen, M.T., Belsky, J., Bradley, R.H., Houts, R., Steinberg, L., & the NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (2009). Early family and child-care antecedents of awakening cortisol levels in adolescence. Child Development, 80(3), 907-920.
Roisman, G.I. (2009). Adult attachment: Toward a rapprochement of methodological cultures. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18(2), 122-126.
Clausell, E., & Roisman, G.I. (2009). Outness, Big Five personality traits, and same-sex relationship quality. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 26(2-3), 211-226.
Zeng, Z., Pantic, M., Roisman, G.I., & Huang, T.S. (2009). A survey of affect recognition methods: Audio, visual, and spontaneous expressions. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 31(1), 39-58.
Holland, A.S., & Roisman, G.I. (2008). Big Five personality traits and relationship quality: Self-reported, observational, and physiological evidence. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 25(5), 811-829.
Roisman, G.I., & Fraley, R.C. (2008). A behavior-genetic study of parenting quality, infant attachment security, and their covariation in a nationally representative sample. Developmental Psychology, 44(3), 831-839.
Fortuna, K., & Roisman, G.I. (2008). Insecurity, stress, and symptoms of psychopathology: Contrasting results from self-reports versus interviews of adult attachment. Attachment & Human Development, 10(1), 11-28.
Roisman, G.I., Clausell, E., Holland, A., Fortuna, K., & Elieff, C. (2008). Adult romantic relationships as contexts of human development: A multi-method comparison of same-sex couples with opposite-sex dating, engaged, and married dyads. Developmental Psychology, 44(1), 91-101.