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Initial Survey Study (1999-2003)

Gunnar, M. R., van Dulmen, M. M. H. (2007). Behavior problems in post-institutionalized internationally adopted children. Development and Psychopathology. 19, 129-148.

Hellerstedt, W. L., Madsen, N.J., Gunnar, M.R., Grotevant, H.D., Lee, R.M., Johnson, D.E. (2008). The International adoption project: Population-based surveillance of Minnesota parents who adopted children internationally. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 12, 162-171.

Eckerle, J.E., Hill, L.K., Iverson, S., Gunnar, M.R., Johnson, D.E. (2014). Vision and hearing problems in international adoptees and associations with behavioral and developmental disabilities. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 18(3):575-83.

Minnesota/Wisconsin Study (2004-2009)

Gunnar, M.R. & Pollak, S.D. (2007). Supporting parents so that they can support their internationally-adopted children: The larger challenge lurking behind the fatality statistics. Child Maltreatment, 12, 381-382.

Gunnar, M.R., Frenn, K., Wewerka, S.S., Van Ryzin, M.J. (2008). Moderate versus severe early life stress: Associations with stress reactivity and regulation in 10- to 12-year old children Psychoneuroendocrinology. 34(1):62-75.

Loman, M.M., Wiik, K.L., Frenn, K.A., Pollak, S.D., & Gunnar, M.R. (2009). Post institutionalized children's development: Growth, cognitive, and language outcomes. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 30 (5):426-34.

Pollak, S.D., Nelson, C.A., Schlaak, M., Roeber, B., Wewerka, S.S., Wiik, K.L., Frenn, K., Loman, M.M., & Gunnar, M.R. (2010). Neurodevelopmental effects of early deprivation in post-institutionalized children. Special issue Child Development, 81,224-36.

Pollak, S.D., Nelson, C.A., Schlaak, M., Roeber, B., Wewerka, S.S., Wiik, K.L., Frenn, K., Loman, M.M., & Gunnar, M.R. (2010). Neurodevelopmental effects of early deprivation in post-institutionalized children. Special issue Child Development, 81,224-36.

Loman, M., & Gunnar, M.R. and the Early Experience, Stress and Neurodevelopment Center Team (2010). Early experience and the development of stress reactivity and regulation in children. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 34(6):867-876.

Wilbarger, J., Gunnar, M.R., Schneider, M. & Pollak, S. (2010). Sensory processing in internationally- adopted, post-institutionalized children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(10):1105-14.

Wiik, K., Loman, M.M., Van Ryzin, M.J., Armstrong, J.M., Essex, M.J., Pollak, S.D. & Gunnar, M.R. (2011). Behavioral and emotional symptoms of post-institutionalized children in middle childhood: Parent and child perspectives. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 52(1):56-63.

Johnson, A.E., Bruce, J., Tarullo, A.R., & Gunnar, M.R. (2011). Growth delay as an index of allostatic load in young children: Predictions to disinhibited social approach and diurnal cortisol activity. Development and Psychopathology.23, 859-71.

Guler, O.E., Hostinar, C., Frenn, K.A., Nelson, C.A., Gunnar, M.R., & Thomas, K. M. (2012). Electrophysiological evidence of altered memory processing in children experiencing early deprivation. Developmental Science, 15, 345-58

Loman, M.M., Johnson, A.E., Westerlund, A., Pollak, S.D., Nelson, C.A., & Gunnar, M.R. (2013). The effect of early deprivation on executive attention in middle childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 54: 37-45

Roeber, B.J., Gunnar, M.R., & Pollak, S.D. (2014). Early deprivation impairs the development of balance and bilateral coordination. Developmental Psychobiology, 56 (5): 1110-8.

BDNF Study (2008-2013)

Gunnar, M.R., Wenner, J.A., Thomas, K.M., Glatt, C.E., Morgan, M.C. & Clark, A.G. (2012). The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism moderates early deprivation effects on attention problems. Development and Psychopathology. 24, 1215-1223.

Pitula, C., Thomas, K., M., Essex, M.J., Armstrong, J.M., Crick, N. R. & Gunnar, M. R. (2014). Peer victimization and internalizing symptoms among post-institutionalized, internationally adopted youth. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 42(7):1069-76

VanZomeren-Dohm, A.A., Pitula, C.E., Koss, K.J., Thomas, K., Gunnar, M.R. (2014). FKBP5 Moderation of depressive symptoms in peer victimized, post-institutionalized children. Developmental Psychobiology. 51:426-30

Transition into the Family Study (2008-2014)

Hostinar, C.E., Stellern, S.A., Schaefer, C., Carlson, S.M., Gunnar, M.R. (2012). Associations between early life adversity and executive function in children adopted internationally from orphanages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A. 109 Suppl 2:17208-12. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1121246109

Stellern, S., Esposito., E. Mliner, S., Pears, K., Gunnar, M. (2014). Increased freezing and decreased positive affect in postinstitutionalized children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55, 88-95.

Carlson, E. A., Hostinar, C.E., & Gunnar, M.R. (2014). The emergence of attachment following early social deprivation. Development and Psychopathology, 26(2):479-89. DOI: 10.1017/S0954579414000078

Lawler, J. M., Hostinar, C. E., Mliner, S., & Gunnar, M. R. (2014). Disinhibited social engagement in post institutionalized children: Differentiating normal from atypical behavior. Development and Psychopathology, 26(2):451-64. DOI: 10.1017/S0954579414000054

Doom, J.R., Gunnar, M.R., Georgieff, M.K., Kroupina, M.G., Frenn, K., Fuglestad, A.J., Carlson, S.M. (2014). Beyond stimulus deprivation: Iron deficiency and cognitive deficits in postinstitutionalized children. Child Development, 85(5):1805-121. DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12231

Doom, J.R., Georgieff, M.K., & Gunnar, M.R. (2014). Institutional care and iron deficiency increase ADHD symptomology and lower IQ 2.5-5 years post-adoption. Developmental Science. 18(3):484-494. DOI: 10.1111/desc.12223

Nguyen, D. J. & Gunnar, M.R. (2014). Depressive symptoms in mothers of recently-adopted postinstitutionalized children. Adoption Quarterly, 17, 280-293.

Koss, K. J., Hostinar, C. E., Donzella, B., & Gunnar, M. R. (2014). Social deprivation and the HPA axis in early development. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 50, 1-13.

Koss, K. J., Mliner, S. B., Donzella, B., & Gunnar, M. R. (2016). Early adversity, hypocortisolism, and behavior problems at school entry: A study of internationally adopted children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 66, 31-38. DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.12.018

Esposito, E.A., Koss, K.J., Donzella, B. and Gunnar, M.R. (2016). Early deprivation and autonomic nervous system functioning in post-institutionalized children. Developmental Psychobiology, 58, 328-340. DOI: 10.1002/dev.21373

Frenkel, T. I., Koss, K. J., Donzella, B., Frenn, K. A., Lamm, C., Fox, N. A., & Gunnar, M. R. (2016). ADHD Symptoms in Post-Institutionalized Children are Partially Mediated by Altered Frontal EEG Asymmetry. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. DOI: 10.1007/s10802-016-0208-y

Lawler, J. M., Koss, K. J., Doyle, C. M., & Gunnar, M. R. (2016). The course of early disinhibited social engagement among post-institutionalized adopted children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57, 1126-1134. DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12606

Lawler, J. M., Koss, K. J., & Gunnar, M. R. (2017). Bidirectional effects of parenting and child behavior in internationally-adopting families. Journal of Family Psychology. DOI: 10.1037/fam0000309

Pitula, C.E., DePasquale, C.E., Mliner, S.B., Gunnar, M.R. (2017). Peer Problems Among Postinstitutionalized, Internationally Adopted Children: Relations to Hypocortisolism, Parenting Quality, and ADHD Symptoms. Child Development. DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12986


Featured Article

McCall, R. B., Muhamedrahimov, R. J., Groark, C. J., Palmov, O. I., Nikiforova, N. V., Salaway, J. L., & Julian, M. M. (2016). The development of children placed into different types of Russian families following an institutional intervention. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation. Advance online publication.


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Last modified on November 20, 2008