Below are articles related to risk and resilience. To view articles related to a different topic, click the categories above.

Waters, E., & Sroufe, L.A. (1983). Social competence as a developmental construct. Developmental Review, 3. 79-97.

Egeland, B., & Sroufe, L. A.  (1986). Stressful life events and school outcomes: a study of protective factors. Presented at APA Symposium:  Stress and Coping, Washington, D.C.

Pianta, R., Egeland, B., & Hyatt, A. (1986). Maternal relationship history as an indicator of developmental risk. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56(2), 385-398.

Pianta, R., & Egeland, B. (1990). Life stress and parenting outcomes in a disadvantaged sample: Results of the Mother-Child Interaction Project. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19(4), 329-336.

Pianta, R., Egeland, B., & Sroufe, L. A. (1990). Maternal stress and children's development: Prediction of school outcomes and identification of protective factors. In J. E. Rolf, A. Masten, D. Cicchetti, K. Nuechterlein, & S. Weintraub (Eds.), Risk and protective factors in the development of psychopathology (pp. 215-235). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Egeland, B., & Kreutzer, T. (1991). A longitudinal study of the effects of maternal stress and protective factors on the development of high risk children. In A. L. Green, E. M. Cummings, and K. H. Karraker (Eds.), Life-span developmental psychology: Perspectives on stress and coping (pp. 61-84). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.

Egeland, B., & Carlson, E., & Sroufe, L. A. (1993). Resilience as process. Development and Psychopathology, 5(4), 517-528.

Egeland, B., Pianta, R., & O'Brien, M. A. (1993). Maternal intrusiveness in infancy and child maladaptation in early school years. Development and Psychopathology, 81, 359-370.

Pianta, R., & Egeland, B. (1994). The relation between depressive symptoms and stressful life events in a sample of disadvantaged mothers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(6), 1229-1234.

Egeland, B. (1997). Risk and resilience in infants and young children. APA Symposium: Developmental Studies of Risk and Protective Process: Prevention and Implications.

Duggal, S., Carlson, E., Sroufe, L. A., & Egeland, B. (2001).  Depressive symptomatology in childhood and adolescence.  Development and Psychopathology, 13, 143-164.

Yates, T.M., Egeland, B., & Sroufe, L.A.  (2003).  Rethinking resilience: A developmental process perspective. In S.S. Luthar (Ed.), Resilience and vulnerabilities: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities. (pp.243-266). New York:  Cambridge University Press.

Appleyard, K., Egeland, B., van Dulmen, M.H.M., & Sroufe, L.A. (2005). When more is not better: The role of cumulative risk in child behavior outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(3). 235-245.

Egeland, B. (2007). Understanding developmental process and mechanisms of resilience and psychopathology: Implications for policy and practice. In A. Masten (Vol. Ed.), The Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology: Vol. 34. Multi-Level Dynamics in Developmental Psychopathology: Pathways to the future. (pp. 83-118).  Hillside, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates.

Shaffer, A., Egeland, B., & Wang, K. (2009). Risk and resilience among children referred to protective services: A longitudinal investigation of child well-being in multiple domains. In M. B. Webb & K. Dowd (Eds.), National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (pp. 83-105). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Supkoff, L. M., Puig, J., & Sroufe, L. A. (2012). Situating resilience in developmental context. In M. Ungar (ed.), The Social Ecology of Resilience: A Handbook of Theory and Practice (pp. 127-142). Springer: New York.