Publications

*Gao, Z. (in press). Fight Fire with Fire: Promoting physical activity and health through active video games. Journal of Sport and Health Science. (impact factor: 1.68)

*Gao, Z., Pope, Z., Lee, J., Stodden, D., Roncesvalles, N., Pasco, D., Huang, C., & Feng, D. (in press). Impact of exergaming on young children’s school day energy expenditure and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels. Journal of Sport and Health Science. (impact factor: 1.68)

Baranowski, T., Blumberg, F., Gao, Z., Kato, P.M., Kok, G., Lu, A … Thompson, D. (2017). Getting research on games for health funded. Games for Health Journal. (impact factor: 1.32).

Pasco, D., Roure, C., Kermarrec, G., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (in press). The effects of a bike active video game on players’ physical activity and motivation. Journal of Sport and Health Science. (impact factor: 1.68)

*Pope, Z., Zeng, N., & Gao, Z. (in press). A meta-analysis of effects of exergaming on individuals’ rehabilitation. Preventive Medicine.

Xiang, P., McBride, R. E., Lin, S. Q., Gao, Z. & Francis, X. C. (in press). Students’ gender stereotypes about running in schools. The Journal of Experimental Education. (impact factor: 1.64)

*Zeng, N., Pope, Z., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (in press). A systematic review of active video games on rehabilitative outcomes among older patients. Journal of Sport and Health Science. (impact factor: 1.68)

Yi, X., Pope, Z., Gao, Z., Wang, S., Pan, F., Yan, J, … &Wang, R. (2016). Associations between individual and environmental factors and habitual physical activity among older Chinese adults: A social–ecological perspective. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 5(3), 315-321. (impact factor: 1.68)

*Gao, Z., Chen, S., Huang, C., Stodden, D., & Xiang, P. (2016). Investigating elementary school children’s daily physical activity and sedentary behaviors during weekdays. Journal of Sport Science. Published online: 07 Mar 2016. (impact factor: 2.25)

*Gao, Z., Lee, J., Pope, Z., & Zhang, D. (2016). Effects of exergaming on children’s classroom behaviors and effort. Games for Health Journal, 5(5). DOI: 10.1089/g4h.2016.0049 (impact factor: 1.32).

*Zeng, N., Gao, Z. (2016). Exergaming and obesity in youth: Current perspectives. International Journal of General Medicine, 9, 1-10.

Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Burns, R., & Brusseau, T. (2016). Effect of SPARK on students’ physical activity, motivation and cardiovascular fitness in physical education. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 13(5), 534-542. (impact factor: 1.95)

*Lee, J., Stodden, D., & Gao, Z. (2016). Young children’s energy expenditure and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity on weekdays and weekends. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 13(9), 1013-1016. (impact factor: 1.95) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2015-0725

Li, W., Gao, Z., Yin, Z., Xiang, P., Shen, B., & Kong, Q. (2016). Impact of national physical activity and health documents and guidelines on research in teaching K-12 physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 35(2), 85-96. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2015-0098 (impact factor: 0.74)

*Pope, Z., Chen, S., Pasco, D., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of body mass index on children’s physical activity levels in school-based Dance Dance Revolution. Games for Health Journal. 5(3),183-188. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2015.0098. (impact factor: 1.32).

*Lee, J., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2016). The role of youth sports in promoting children’s physical activity and preventing pediatric obesity: A systematic review. Behavioral Medicine, 23, 1-15. DOI:10.1080/08964289.2016.1193462 (impact factor: 1.74)

Gao, Z., Chen, S., Pasco, D., & Pope, Z. (2015). Effects of active video games on physiological and psychological outcomes among children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 16, 783-794. doi: 10.1111/obr.12287 (impact factor: 7.995)

Maloney, A.E., Melleker, R., Buday, R., Gao, Z., Dakin, T., Esparza, L., & Alexander, S. (2015). Fun, flow and fitness: A vision for exergaming enhancements to boost physical activity. Games for Health Journal, 4(1), 53-57.

Li, W., Xiang, P., Gao, Z., Shen, B., Yin, Z., & Kong, Q. (in press). Impact of national physical activity and health documents and guidelines on research in teaching K-12 physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education.

Pope, Z., Lewis, B., & Gao, Z. (in press). Using the Transtheoretical Model to examine the effects of exergaming on physical activity among children. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. (impact factor: 1.95)

Gao, Z., Chen, S., & Stodden, D. (2015). A comparison of young children’s physical activity levels in physical education, recess and school-based exergaming. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 12, 349-354. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2013-0392 (impact factor: 1.95)

Lee, J., Huang, C., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Integration of active video games in extracurricular activity at schools. Journal of Teaching, Research, and Media in Kinesiology, 1, 1-10.

Zhang, P., Xiang, P., Lodewyk, K., Sheng, H., & Gao, Z. (2015). Examining psychosocial correlates of adolescent girls’ physical activity levels. Obesity and Control: Open Access, 1(1), 105. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14437/OCOA-1-105

Ning, W., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Associations between adolescents’ situational motivation and objectively-determined physical activity levels in physical education. Journal of Teaching, Research, and Media in Kinesiology, 2, 1-13.

Podlog, L., Gustafsson, H., Skoog, T., Gao, Z., Westin, M., Werner, S., & Alricsson, M. (2015). Need Satisfaction, motivation, and engagement among high performance youth athletes: A multiple mediation analysis. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. DOI:10.1080/1612197X.2014.999346

Gao, Z., & Chen, S. (2014). Response to letter: No clear evidence that exergames can prevent obesity. Obesity Review, 15, 694-695. doi: 10.1111/obr.12186

Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (2014). Effects of exergaming based exercise on urban children’s physical activity participation and body composition. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11(5), 992-998.

Chen, S., Kim, Y., & Gao, Z. (2014). The effects of physical education on youth’s daily physical activity and sedentary behavior. BMC Public Health, 14, 110. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-110.

Stodden, D., Gao, Z., Goodway, J., & Langendorfer, S. (2014). Dynamic relationships among selected motor skills and health-related fitness in youth. Pediatrics Exercise Science, 26, 231-241.

Zhang, P., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2014). Social cognitive beliefs predicting children’s physical activity and cardiovascular fitness in physical education. Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior, 2(5),1-5. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2375-4494.1000172

Wade, S., Pope, Z.C., & Simonson, S.R. (2014). National collegiate strength coaches’ perceptions regarding preparation of adolescent athletes for Division I athletics. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28(10), 2746-2753.

Pope, Z., Gao, Y., Bolter, N., & Pritchard, M. (2014). Validity and reliability of disordered eating assessments used with athletes: A review. Journal of Sport and Health Science. doi: 10.1016/j.jshs.2014.05.001

Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J., Shultz, B., Newton, M., & Sibthorp, J. (2013). Influence of Health-Related Physical Fitness Model on students’ physical activity, perceived competence, and enjoyment. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 117(3), 956-970. doi: 10.2466/10.06.PMS.117x32z0

Gao, Z. (2013). The impact of an exergaming intervention on urban school children’s physical activity levels and academic outcomes. Asian Journal of Exercise and Sport Science, 10(2), 1-10.

Gao, Z. (2013). Lessons learned: Promoting children’s health through school- basedactive video game intervention. Journal of Novel Physiotherapies, S3, 004. doi:10.4172/2165-7025.S3-004

Gao, Z., Hannan, P. F., Xiang, P., Stodden, D., & Valdez, V. (2013). Video game–based exercise, Latino children’s physical health, and academic achievement. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(3S3), s240- s246.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.11.023.

Gao, Z., Podlog, L., & Huang, C. (2013). Associations among children’s situational motivation, physical activity participation, and enjoyment in an interactive dance game. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2, 122-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2012.07.001

Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Chen, S., & McBride, R. (2013). The influence of student teaching experiences on pre-service PETE student teachers’ efficacy and outcome expectancy. Journal of Teaching, Research, and Media in Kinesiology, 2, 1-15.

Gao, Z., Xiang, P., Lochbaum, M., & Guan, J. (2013). The impact of achievement goals on cardiorespiratory fitness: Does self-efficacy make a difference? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(3), 313-322. DOI: 10.1080/02701367.2013.814908.

Gao, Z., Zhang, P., & Podlog, L. (2013). Examining elementary school children’s enjoyment of traditional tag games versus interactive dance games. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2013.845304

Gao, Z., Zhang, T., & Stodden, D. (2013). Children’s physical activity levels and their psychological correlated in interactive dance versus aerobic dance. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2, 146-151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2013.01.005

Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2013). Associations between students’ situational interest, mastery experience, and physical activity levels in interactive dance. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 18(2), 233-241. DOI:10.1080/13548506.2012.712703

Lodewyk, K., & Gao, Z. (2013). Epistemic-motivational profiles of fitness in high school physical education: Implications on indices of fitness engagement. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 8(2), 3-11.

Podlog, L., Gao, Z., Kenow, L., Kleinert, J., Granquist, M., Newton, M., & Hannon, J. (2013). Injury rehabilitation overadherence: Preliminary scale validation and relationships with athletic identity and self-presentation concerns. Journal of Athletic Training, 48(3), 372-381. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-48.2.20.

Stodden, D., True, L., Langendorfer, S., & Gao, Z. (2013). Associations among motor skill competence and health-related fitness: Evidence for Seefeldt’s proficiency barrier in young adults. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(3), 397- 403. DOI:10.1080/02701367.2013.814910

Xiang, P., Chen, S., & Gao, Z. (2013). Instructional choices and student engagement in physical education. Asian Journal of Exercise and Sports Science, 10(1), 90-97

Gao, Z. (2012). Urban Latino school children’s physical activity correlates and daily physical activity participation: A social cognitive perspective. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 17(5), 542-550. DOI:10.1080/13548506.2011.647699.

Gao, Z. (2012). Motivated but not active: The dilemmas of incorporating interactive dance into gym class. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9, 794-800.

Gao, Z., Huang, C., Liu, T., & Xiong, W. (2012). Impact of interactive dance games on urban children’s physical activity correlates and behavior. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness. 10,107-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.jesf.2012.10.009

Gao, Z., & Podlog, L. (2012). Urban Latino children’s physical activity levels and performance in interactive video dance games: Effects of goal difficulty and goal specificity. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 166(10), 933-937. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.649

Gao, Z., Podlog, L., & Harrison, L. (2012). College students’ goal orientations, situational motivation and effort/persistence in physical activity. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 31, 246-260.

Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2012). The effect of after-school physical activities on children’s exercise determinants and behaviors. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 7(1), 18-23.

Ning, W., Gao, Z., & Lodewyk, K. (2012). Associations between socio-motivational factors, physical education activity levels and physical activity behavior among youth. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Journal of Research, 7(1), 3-11.

Sheng, H., & Gao, Z. (2012). Ethnicity differences in pedometer-based physical activity levels among adolescent girls. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 10, 38- 43. doi:10.1016/j.jesf.2012.04.007

Zhang, T., Solmon, M.A., Gao, Z., & Kosma, M. (2012). Promoting school students’ physical activity: A social ecological perspective. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 24, 92-105. DOI: 10.1080/10413200.2011.627083

Gao, Z., Pope, Z., & Zeng, N. (2017). Foundations of technology and health effects of physical activity. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Sun, H., Gao, Z., & Zeng, N. (2017). Overview: Promoting physical activity and health through emerging technology. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Gao, Z., & Lee, J. (2017). Social and behavioral theories in promoting physical activity. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2017). Computer and Internet use in enhancing physical activity. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2017). Online social media and physical activity promotion. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2017). Mobile device apps in enhancing physical activity. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2017). Global Positioning Systems and Geographic Information Systems and physical activity. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Zeng, N., & Gao, Z. (2017). Health wearable devices and physical activity promotion. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Gao, Z., Zeng, N., & Pope, Z. (2017). Active video games and physical activity promotion. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Zeng, N., & Gao, Z. (2017). Virtual reality in physical activity promotion. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2017). Negative aspects of emerging technologies in physical activity promotion. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

Gao, Z. (2017). Emerging technologies in promoting physical activity and health. In Zan Gao (Ed.), Technology in physical activity and health promotion. London, UK: Routledge Publisher.

* Zeng, Z., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of exergaming and fundamental movement skills among youth and young adults: A systematic review. Gaming: Trends, Perspectives and Impact on Health (pp 41-58). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

* Sheng, H., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Adolescent girls’ physical activity determinants and physical activity participation: An application of Social Ecological Model. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 1-18). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

* Sheng, H., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Adolescent girls’ physical activity levels in New Mexico: Status, determinants, and measurement issues. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 19-40). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

* Huang, C.C., Lee, J., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Protection Motivation Theory-based beliefs predict adolescents’ physical activity and intention. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 41-60). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

* Huang, C.C., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Using motivational and volitional interventions to promote adolescents’ physical activity. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 61-86). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

* Lee, J., Stodden, D., Zhang, T., Yan, A.F., & Gao, Z. (2015). Examining the mediating role of perceived competence in exergaming Activities. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 117-130). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

* Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Middle school students’ physical activity levels in physical education: Gender and grade differences. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 131-146). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

* Zhang, P., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Associations among elementary school children’s physical activity self-efficacy, enjoyment and perceived exertion in exergaming. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 62-87). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Pasco, D., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Impact of exergaming on high school students’ situational motivation and physical activity levels. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 88-103). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Burns, R., & Hannon, J. (2015). Correlates of moderate to vigorous physical activity and cardiovascular fitness during physical education. In Zan Gao & Zachary Pope (Eds.), Physical activity behaviors and determinants in children and adolescents (pp. 147-163). Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Lu, C., & Gao, Z. (2015). Traditional Chinese physical activities. In Cothran, D.J. & Keating, X. (Ed.), Learning for a lifetime: Effective secondary physical education programs. Beijing, China: Higher Education Press.

Gao, Z., Podlog, L. & Lee, J. (2014). Children’s situational motivation, rate of perceived exertion and physical activity levels in exergaming: Associations and gender differences. In Jeffery Graham (Ed.), Video Games: Parents' Perceptions, Role of Social Media and Effects on Behavior (pp. 17-28). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publisher.

Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Lochbaum, M. (2013). Relations of children’s hierarchical ability beliefs to their cardiovascular fitness, physical activity levels and persistence/effort. In John Saunders, Martin Holzweg, Walter Ho, & Lynn Housner, Current Issues in Contemporary Comparative Physical Education and Sport (pp. 121-129). Berlin, Germany: Logos Verlag Publisher.

Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (2013). Literature review on effect of physical activity on students’ cognitive abilities and academic achievement. In John Saunders, Martin Holzweg, Walter, Ho, & Lynn Housner, Current Issues in Contemporary Comparative Physical Education and Sport (pp. 97-109). Berlin, Germany: Logos Verlag Publisher.

Gao, Z., Lee, J., Stodden, D., & Roncesvalles, R. (2016). Trajectory changes of children’s energy expenditure and physical activity: The effect of physical activity regiment. Presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Boston, MA, 2016.

Gao, Z., Lee, J., Stodden, D., Roncesvalles, R., & Pasco, D., & Huang, C. (2016). Effect of exergaming on children’s energy expenditure and physical activity. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Gao, Z., Lee, J., & Zhang, P. (2016). Children’s energy expenditure and physical activity during weekdays and weekends. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Cheung, N., Zeng, N., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Exergaming and rehabilitation in older adults: A systematic review. Presented at Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Dynamic relationship among elementary school children’s psychosocial beliefs, outside school physical activity and screen time. Presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Boston, MA, 2016.

Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Secular trends in relationship among psychosocial beliefs, physical activity intention and behavior among children. Presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Lee, J., Stodden, D., & Gao, Z. (2016). Impact of exergaming on children’s motor skills and health-related fitness. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Relationships among children’s psychosocial beliefs, physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Pope, Z., Lee, J., Li, X., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of exergaming on college students’ energy expenditure, physical activity and enjoyment. Presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Boston, MA, 2016.

Pope, Z., Zeng, N., Lee, J., Cheung, N., Niswonger, H., Veldhouse, A., & Gao, Z. (2016). A meta-analysis of effects of exergaming on individuals’ rehabilitation. Presented at Exercise Is Medicine World Congress in Boston, MA, 2016.

Pope, Z., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of exergaming intervention on children’s psychosocial beliefs and school day energy expenditure. Presented at Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Pope, Z., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Exergaming and children’s before and after School physical activity behaviors. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Pope, Z., Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of Exergaming on Urban Children’s Physical Activity and Fitness. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Zeng, N., Pope, Z., Lee, J., Li, X., & Gao, Z. (2016). College students’ situational motivation, energy expenditure, and blood pressure in exergaming and treadmill walking. Presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Boston, MA, 2016.

Zeng, N., & Gao, Z. (2016). Exergaming and motor Skills among youth and young adults: A systematic review. Presented at Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Nelson, R., Kaase, K., Niswonger, H., Cheung, N., Pope, Z., Zeng, N., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of active video games on rehabilitation outcomes among patients. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Swenson, S., Cheung, N., Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2016). Objectively-measured determined physical activity levels during structured exercise among home-school children. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Pasco, D., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of Exerbike on adults’ physical activity and situational motivation. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Yi, X., & Gao, Z. (2016). Effects of exercise on health outcomes among risk older adults. Presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN, 2016.

Gao, Z., Hannah, P., Barr-Anderson, D., Larson, N., Thul C., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2015). Growth trajectories of individuals’ physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and BMI from childhood through young adulthood. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

Gao, Z., Lee, J., & Pope, Z. (2015). Effect of two physical activity interventions on preschool children’s cognitive functions and perceived competence. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

Gao, Z., Pope, Z., &, Huang, C. (2015). Associations between children’s health-related fitness and physical activity in exergaming. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine in San Diego, CA, 2015.

Gao, Z., Huang, C., Stodden, D., Roncesvalles, N., & Pope, Z. (2015). Trajectory changes of children’s daily physical activity and sedentary behaviors over two years: Effects of exergaming and physical education. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

Gao, Z., Gao, X., Liu, Y., Lee, J. (2015). Assessing physical activity levels through motion sensors in exergaming. Paper presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Seattle, WA, 2015.

Chen, S., Nam, Y., Gao, Z., & Welk, G.J. (2015). Intervening in adolescents’ knowledge and motivation about energy balance. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., & Burns, R. (2015). Effect of SPARK on students’ academic learning time in physical education. Paper presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Seattle, WA, 2015.

Fu, Y., Gao, Z., Hannon, J.C., Allen, B., & Burns, R. (2015). Effect of SPARK on physical activity, cardiorespiratory endurance, and motivation in middle-school students. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (2015). The acute effect of exergaming on elementary school children’s Mood. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

Lee, J., Zhang, D., Nour, A., Miller, J., Liu, Z., Ignaszewski, C., Gmiterko, N., & Gao, Z. (2015). Effects of exergaming on children’s classroom behaviors and effort. Paper presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Seattle, WA, 2015.

Roure, C., Pasco, D., Kermarrec, G., & Gao, Z. (2015). High school students’ situational interest predicting physical activity levels in exergaming. Paper presented to International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

Pasco, D., & Gao, Z. (2015). Impact of exergaming on high school students’ situational motivation and physical activity levels. Paper presented at 2015 Association Internationale des Ecoles Superieures d'Education Physique (International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education) annual meeting.

Pope, Z., & Gao, Z. (2015). Kindergartner’s accelerometer-determined physical activity and sedentary behaviors in exergaming. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

Pope, Z., Lee, J., Zhang, D., & Gao, Z. (2015). Validation of physical activity survey for during school activities in urban children. Paper presented at International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity annual meeting in Edinburgh, Scotland, 2015.

Pope, Z., Gmiterko, N., Nour, A., & Gao, Z (2015). Effectiveness of smartphone based physical activity on individuals’ health outcomes. Paper presented at Society for Health and Physical Educators annual meeting in Seattle, WA, 2015.

Pope, Z., Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (2015). Comparison of children’s recess and after-school physical activity: Effects of school days and weight status. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Diego, CA, 2015.

Pope, Z., Lee, J., Zhang, D., & Gao, Z. (2015). Association between urban children’s psychosocial beliefs and their outside school physical activity. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine in San Diego, CA, 2015.

Li, W., Xiang, P., Shen, B., & Gao, Z. (2015). Impact of national physical activity and health documents and guidelines on research in teaching K-12 physical education. Paper presented at National Meeting of the American Education Research Association, 2015.

Gao, Z. (August, 2014). The role of active video games in promoting health among children. Paper presented at North American Society for Pediatric Exercise Medicine in Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

Pope, Z., Gao, Z. (August, 2014). Examining young children’s physical activity levels in an exergaming program through accelerometers and pedometers: Age and gender differences. Paper presented at North American Society for Pediatric Exercise Medicine in Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

Gao, Z. (May, 2014). The role of exergaming in contributing to children’s daily physical activity levels. Paper presented at The Games for Increasing Physical Activity Conference in Houston, TX.

Gao, Z., Chen, S., & Pasco, D. (May, 2014). Effects of exergaming on children’s health outcomes: A meta-analysis. Paper presented at Congress of Exercise is Medicine annual meeting in Orlando, FL, 2014.

Gao, Z., Huang, C., Stodden, D., Chen, S., & Feng, D. (May, 2014). Children’s physical activity levels in school-based and after school programs. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Orlando, FL, 2014.

Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Feng, D. (April, 2014). Associations among elementary children’s motor skills, fitness and physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Gao, Z., Stodden, D., Huang, C., & Feng, D. (April, 2014). Impact of exergaming on elementary children’s physical activity levels. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (April, 2014). Effects of DDR-based exercise on children’s self- esteem and physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Chen, S., Xiang, P., & Gao, Z. (April, 2014). Relationships between students’ perceived relatedness and motivational outcomes in PE. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (April, 2014). Impact of BMI on children’s fitness and enjoyment in PE. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (April, 2014). Physical activity, Social-Cognitive variables, and stages of change in adolescents. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Lee, J., Gao, Z., & Nelson, T.F. (April, 2014). The role of youth sports in promoting children’s physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Lee, J., & Gao, Z. (April, 2014). Demographic correlates in children’s physical activity and physical fitness in exergaming. Paper presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Yi, X., Gao, Z., & Chen, L. (April, 2014). Examining Social Ecological determinants of RPA among Chinese Elderly. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Zhang, D., Liu, Z., & Gao, Z. (April, 2014). Effect of static and dynamic exercise intervention to desk-type people with spinal disease. Paper presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Gao, Z. (January, 2014). Children’s physical activity levels during physical education, recess, lunch-time and after-school. Paper presented at the National Association for Kinesiology in Higher Education Collaborative Conference and International Congress in San Diego, CA, 2014.

Pope, Z., Sun, H., Tan, T., & Gao, Y. (May, 2014). Physical activity and weight status among Asian American children and adolescents. Paper presented at 2014 ACSM Annual Meeting in Orlando, FL, 2014.

Gao, Y., Pope, Z., Herrmann, S.D., Paxton, R.J., & Sun, H. (April, 2014). Associations between sedentary time and physical functioning. Paper presented at the AAHPERD National Conference in St. Louis, MO, 2014.

Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Ning, W. (May, 2013). A comparison of young children’s physical activity levels in physical education, recess and exergaming. Paper presented at annual meeting of World Congress of Exercise is Medicine in Indianapolis, IN, 2013.

Gao, Z., Lewis, B., & Kosma, M. (May, 2013). Using the Transtheoretical Model to examine the effects of exergaming on physical activity among children. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Indianapolis, IN, 2013.

Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (May, 2013). The influence of health-related physical fitness model on children’s physical activity levels and motivation. Paper presented at American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in Indianapolis, IN, 2013.

Gao, Z. (April, 2013). Children’s physical activity levels in DDR by body mass index. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Gao, Z. & Xiang, P. (April, 2013). Children’s physical activity levels in interactive dance across skill levels. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Gao, Z., Stodden, D., & Zhang, T. (April, 2013). Examining the mediating role of perceived competence in exergaming Activities. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Gao, Z., & Huang, C. (April, 2013). Association among elementary children’s intrinsic motivation, rate of perceived exertion and physical activity in DDR. Paper presented at the 2013 International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance Forum in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Gao, Z., & Liu, Y. (April, 2013). Children’s pedometer-based physical activity levels in active dance video games: Effect of body mass index. Paper presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (April, 2013). Age and gender differences of adolescents’ physical activity in PE. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Zhang, T., Thomas, K., & Gao, Z. (April, 2013). Fitness mediates motor skills and physical activity in Hispanic children. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Huang, C., Gao, Z. & Ning, W. (April, 2013). Body fat influences children’s perceived competence, physical activity, and fitness. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (April, 2013). Associations between adolescents’ situational motivation and physical activity in PE. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Ning, W., Gao, Z., Hart, M., Zhang, Y., & Burley, H. (April, 2013). A meta-analysis of physiological and psychological benefits of exergaming. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (April, 2013). Protection Motivation Theory-based beliefs predicts adolescents’ physical activity and intention. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (April, 2013). Using motivational and volitional interventions to promote adolescents’ physical activity. Paper presented at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Tian, Z., Sun, Q., & Gao, Z. (April, 2013). Current status and analysis of construction of college sports system among top tier universities in China. Paper presented at International Chinese Society for Physical Activities and Health Forum in Charlotte, NC, 2013.

Xiang, P., Chen, S., & Gao, Z. (July, 2012). Paper accepted for presentation at the Third International Conference on Sport and Society, Cambridge University, UK, 2012.

Stodden, D., Langendorfer, S. Goodway, J., Ferkel, R., & Gao, Z. (June, 2012). The relationships among motor skill competence and health-related fitness across childhood. Paper presented at The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity in Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012.

Gao, Z., Xiang, P., & Stodden, D. (May, 2012). Impact of an integrative dance based program on urban children’s physical fitness and academic achievement. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Francisco, CA, 2012.

Gao, Z. & Zhang, T. (May, 2012). Children’s physical activity levels and their psychological correlated in interactive dance versus aerobic dance. Paper presented at the annual meeting of World Congress of Exercise is Medicine in San Francisco, CA, 2012.

Zhang, T., & Gao, Z. (May, 2012). Motor skill competence and physical activity: Perceived competence as a mediator. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine annual meeting in San Francisco, CA, 2012.

Gao, Z., & Huang, C. (March, 2012). Children’s motivation, perceived exertion and physical activity levels in exergaming. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

Gao, Z., Liu, Y., You, F., & Ning, W. (March, 2012). Fourth graders’ PA levels in interactive dance across weight status. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

Gao, Z., Ning, W., & Stodden, D. (March, 2012). Elementary children’s self-efficacy, enjoyment and perceived exertion in exergaming. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

Gao, Z., & Xiang, P. (March, 2012). Impact of interactive dance on children’s PA and body composition. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

Fu, Y., & Gao, Z. (March, 2012). Comparing children’s physical activity levels in DDR and aerobic dance. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (March, 2012). Children’s exercise determinants and physical education in-class activity levels in predicting physical activity behavior. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

Ning, W., & Gao, Z. (March, 2012). Role of exergaming in promoting physical activity and health. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

Huang, C., & Gao, Z. (March, 2012). The effect of after-school physical activities on children’s exercise determinants and behaviors. Paper for presentation at American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance National Conference in Boston, MA, 2012.

Xiang, P., Chen, S., & Gao, Z. (July, 2012). Instructional choices and student engagement in physical education. Paper accepted for presentation at the Third International Conference on Sport and Society, Cambridge University, UK, 2012.

Stodden, D., Langendorfer, S. Goodway, J., Ferkel, R., & Gao, Z. (June, 2012). The relationships among motor skill competence and health-related fitness across childhood. Paper presented at The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity in Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012.