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McNair Scholar 2012Breanne Valle

Breanne Valle is a senior at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, majoring in Family Social Science with a minor in Leadership. Her research interests revolve around the effects of assistive reproductive technologies in family communication and relationships. She is passionate about counseling and ministry. Ms. Valle plans on getting her M.A in Biblical Counseling.

Breanne Valle photo
My dream is to use my platform as a helping professional to disciple, minister, and pour into young people in order to further the kingdom of God giving biblical counseling as a resource.

Research project

Family Communications Project:  Comparing Child Behavior Outcomes in Same-Sex ART Families and Heterosexual ART Families

Abstract: Assistive reproductive technologies (ART) are becoming very popular among families who want to conceive children. It is important to have information on how these ART families are doing so that doctors, policy makers, insurance companies, and other families experiencing infertility can be informed when making decisions on laws, policies, and other aspects that may affect families who need assistive reproductive technologies. This study utilized the sample in the Family Communications Project (FCP) to examine how child external behavior outcomes differ among same-sex ART families and heterosexual ART families. An ANCOVA was use to analyze these data from (n=9) same-sex families and (n=9) heterosexual families. Family Communications Patterns Theory (FCPT) was used to measure family communication, while items from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was used to measure externalizing child behavior outcomes. Children of same sex parents demonstrated externalizing behaviors less frequently (M = .04, SD = .10), than those of heterosexual parents (M = .15, SD = .34), 95% CI. The effect size was (σ = .09), which is a small effect size (Cohen, 1992). This confirms what past research has concluded about same-sex families and child behavior outcomes. Download poster. [PDF]

Faculty profile

Martha Rueter is currently an assistant professor in the Family Social Science Department in the school of Education and Human Development at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Rueter attended Iowa State University where she received her Ph.D. in Human Development and Family Studies. Her research specializes in family interactions in families with genetically unrelated parents and children, adoptive families, family communication, psychopathology among adolescents, child and adolescent adjustment, family research methods, and family observation methods. Dr. Rueter is published in multiple research journals and has presented her work at conferences nationwide Dr. Rueter has been a McNair faculty mentor for several McNair scholars.