LINK (List, Inquire, Note, and Know)
- Effective with upper elementary through
high school students
- Develop/activate prior
- Reinforce questioning
- Writing skills
- Summarize information
- Select a key word that is critical to
the comprehension of the text the students
will be reading.
- Write the key word on the board, draw a
box around it, and have the students
say/sign and fingerspell it.
- Allow about three minutes for the
students to List what they know about
the word or associations they have for the
- Students read one idea or association
they have written and record it on the
- After everyone has
contributed one item, let
each one add more ideas and
- Teacher writes them on
- This step is a
"brainstorming" step so
there should be no comments
or responses to the
students' contributions at
- Students Inquire about the items that are now on the board.
- Students interact with each other to
share and extend their understandings of the
key word or concept
- They can as for
examples, or definitions or
they may challenge some of
- These comments and
questions are addressed to
the students who offered the
items and not to the
- Ground rules for this kind of discussion should be established so that students learn to be respectful of others and sensitive to
- When students have finished the inquiry
step, cover the information on the board.
- Each students Notes what they now Know
about the key word.
- They may use information
from their prior knowledge
and from their class
- Students share their
"notes" with other class
- Students participate in the "during reading" or other content area instruction.
- They return to their notes and write any
new information about the key concept they
learned during the instruction.
- New information is shared with
- Summarize by writing sentences
explaining the meaning of the key word.
- The class can write a
- Each student can write a