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Webinar 2. Progress Monitoring in Reading

  1. Measures of progress monitoring in reading appropriate for use with students who are deaf or hard of hearing.
  2. Materials for monitoring progress in reading.
  3. Administration procedures for CBM screening in the areas of reading.
  4. Scoring CBM Maze measures with 99% accuracy and reliability.

Measures to monitoring progress in reading

Two valid and reliable procedures that can be used to monitor a student’s growth in reading are: Oral reading and Maze reading. These tools are generally used with students who have an established language base and are beginning to read text-based materials.

Oral Reading Fluency (ORF): Students are given a passage to read, typically at their instructional level. They have 1 minute to read the passage to the teacher or the teacher’s assistant. The teacher marks the words read incorrectly. The score is the total number of words read correctly in one minute.


Video: Example of implementing reading fluency measure.


If ORF measures are used, a reliability check should be conducted to confirm objectivity, reliability or agreement in scoring. Inter rater reliability among 3 independent scorers should be established at minimum of 90% prior to using ORF data. The student should be able to use spoken language with 85% intelligibility with unfamiliar individuals.

Video: Stan Deno discusses CBM, MAZE, and ORF.

Maze is a process used to monitor students’ silent reading fluency and comprehension. The Maze is a CBM procedure that may be used with an individual or with groups of students.

Students are given a printed reading passage in which every 7th word has been replaced with three multiple-choice word options. The student is instructed to select the word that completes the sentence correctly.


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Research indicates that the MAZE procedure is a reliable and valid measure of reading competence and is sensitive to growth in reading performance across short periods of time for students who are deaf or hard of hearing (2).