LINK (List, Inquire, Note, and Know)
- Effective with upper elementary through
high school students
- Develop/activate prior
- Reinforce questioning
- Writing skills
- Summarize information
- Select a key word that is critical to
the comprehension of the text the students
will be reading.
- Write the key word on the board, draw a
box around it, and have the students
say/sign and fingerspell it.
- Allow about three minutes for the
students to List what they know about
the word or associations they have for the
- Students read one idea or association
they have written and record it on the
- After everyone has
contributed one item, let
each one add more ideas and
- Teacher writes them on
- This step is a
"brainstorming" step so
there should be no comments
or responses to the
students' contributions at
- Students Inquire about the items that are now on the board.
- Students interact with each other to
share and extend their understandings of the
key word or concept
Ground rules for this kind of discussion should be established so that students learn to be respectful of others and sensitive to
When students have finished the inquiry
step, cover the information on the board.
Each students Notes what they now Know
about the key word.
- They can as for
examples, or definitions or
they may challenge some of
- These comments and
questions are addressed to
the students who offered the
items and not to the
Students participate in the "during reading" or other content area instruction.
They return to their notes and write any
new information about the key concept they
learned during the instruction.
New information is shared with
Summarize by writing sentences
explaining the meaning of the key word.
- They may use information
from their prior knowledge
and from their class
- Students share their
"notes" with other class
- The class can write a
- Each student can write a